How to apply for my newborn baby's birth certificate?
You will be required to fill out a form during your hospital stay for the birth certificate and the rest will be taken care of by the hospital. In some states, the hospitals advise you to apply for SSN first and then for the birth certificate. The reason for the one month lag is to give time to the hospital to send a record for the baby's birth to the State office. Once the office has that record, the birth certificate can be issued very quickly. Verify this process at your hospital in advance.

In either case, you will receive the birth certificate through mail. In case you haven't decided the name of your baby, then you can fill out a form later and submit it at your County Health Department. It might take a while before you actually receive it. But it is always better to think about the baby's name in advance as it is much easier to apply for a birth certificate at the time of birth. There is no charge for this service.

As you gather all required documents for your newborn child, remember to get travel medical insurance if you fly out of the country.

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Why do I need extra copies of my baby's birth certificate?
Any certificate of birth issued by a hospital is not a legal document. You need to apply for a birth certificate to be at your local county department. You will be required to submit copies of the birth certificate on the following occasions:

Getting your child into school or at the time of school enrollment
Getting a work permit
Getting a passport
Getting a driver's license
Getting a social security number
How do I apply for extra copies of birth certificate?
You will be given a form during your hospital stay to order extra copies of the birth certificate. Fill it and post it to your county Health Department along with the required fee per copy. Your baby's record will be at this office for 3 years.
If you want some more copies after this time duration, then you must send in baby's name, date of birth, and parents name at your State Health Vital Records Office. For example, if you need more information on birth certificates in California visit: California Department of Public Health
For locating your specific county, a county locater on the Public Health department will assist in finding your records.
There is a fee per copy for the birth certificate but it differs at different locations. For example, it is $17 per copy in San Diego and $22 per copy in Virginia.
The application for the extra copies must be notarized.
Social Security Number for a New Born Baby
Why should I get SSN for my baby?
Your baby is a U.S. citizen by virtue of being born in the U.S. As a US citizen, SSN is very important for your baby. Getting a SSN is just the beginning of the valuable protection and benefits your child may be eligible for in the future. Young children need SSN for many reasons. For example you will need the SSN if you want to:

Open a bank account
Show your child as a dependent on your income
Buy saving bonds
Get medical coverage
Apply for any government services for your child
Consider it a first step in some of the most essential things people do in the U.S. Not having an SSN is likely to cause delays in several processes mentioned above.

How do I apply for my baby's SSN?
You have two choices. You can:

Apply for SSN in the hospital when you furnish information for your baby's birth certificate. It is always much easy to apply at the time of birth. You will be asked if you want to apply for a SSN for your baby. If your reply is "yes", you will be required to provide the SSN of both parents. Your baby will be assigned a number which will be directly mailed to you.
You can apply later also for a SSN, through the Social Security Administration Office. You will need to:
Fill out an SSN application. (You need to provide both parents SSN.)
Show evidence of your child's age, identity and citizenship.
Show evidence of your identity.
Contact information for SSN
You can get the online form here
You can also visit one of the local Social Security offices.
You can also call at the toll free number, for SSN related matters : 1-800-772-1213